Major & Minor Bone Grafting
Missing teeth over a period of time can cause your jaw bone to atrophy, or resorb. This often results in poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for the placement of dental implants as well as long term shifting of remaining teeth and changes to facial structure. Most patients, in these situations, are not candidates for dental implants.
Fortunately, today we have the ability to grow bone where it is needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, but it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.
Major Bone Grafting
Bone grafting can repair implant sites with inadequate bone structure due to previous extractions, gum disease, or injuries. The bone is either obtained from a tissue bank or your own bone is taken from the jaw, hip or tibia (below the knee). Sinus bone grafts are also performed to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum to protect the bone graft, as well as encourage bone regeneration. This is called guided bone regeneration, or guided tissue regeneration.
Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different areas depending on the size needed. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral knee (tibia), are common donor sites. These procedures are routinely performed in an operating room and require a hospital stay.
Niagara Dental Implant and Oral Surgery
- Tiffany S
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- Daniel K
I fell while running and chipped two teeth and had a very bad cut on my upper lip. My dentist immediately referred me to Dr. Nigalye. Even though he had a full day of surgeries, he fit me in to his busy schedule. I was very nervous and upset when I came in, but the staff immediately put me at ease. Jake, the nurse, was phenomenal. He had me laughing before the doctor even saw me. Dr. Nigalye was the best. I have never felt so calm and comfortable in such a stressful situation. He evaluated my injuries. I definitely needed stitches on the inside and outside of my mouth. I have never had stitches before, so again I started to get nervous. He was so calming and efficient. It was completely painless. Dr. Nigalye called me in the evening to check on how I was doing. I was totally impressed and so appreciative that he took the time to call. Dr. Nigalye is the best. I can't say enough about him and his entire staff. Top notch. Ten stars!!
- Linda Jo H